IQIM Postdoctoral and Graduate Student Seminar

Friday April 17, 2020 11:00 AM

Predicting Many Properties of a Quantum System from Very Few Measurements

Speaker: Hsin-Yuan (Robert) Huang, Vidick/Preskill group
Location: Online Event

Abstract: Predicting properties of complex, large-scale quantum systems is essential for developing quantum technologies. We present an efficient method for constructing an approximate classical description of a quantum state using very few measurements of the state. This description, called a classical shadow, can be used to predict many different properties: order log(M) measurements suffice to accurately predict M different functions of the state with high success probability. The number of measurements is independent of the system size and saturates information-theoretic lower bounds. Moreover, target properties to predict can be selected after the measurements are completed. We support our theoretical findings with extensive numerical experiments. We apply classical shadows to predict quantum fidelities, entanglement entropies, two-point correlation functions, expectation values of local observables, and the energy variance of many-body local Hamiltonians. The numerical results highlight the advantages of classical shadows relative to previously known methods. (This work will appear on Nature Physics and the arXiv link is at https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.08953)

Attend the talk at:

https://caltech.zoom.us/j/579872490

Talks will also be posted on IQIM's YouTube page (Link to be updated following the talk)

Series IQIM Postdoctoral and Graduate Student Seminar Series

Contact: Marcia Brown at 626-395-4013 marciab@caltech.edu